are CITES approved for breeding, sales and export of the
can have a living fossil in your aquarium fish tank. Australian
Lungfish make ideal aquarium fish. They are very hardy,
almost indestructible (they have existed for 350 million
years) and can have a lifespan of 100 years. (You may like
to make some provision for them in your will). These fish
are easy to care for and undemanding regarding tank conditions
the fish grow, they will need a large tank, approx 5ft-6ft
or a heated outdoor pond. With good care they should reach
approx 18in to 2 feet at approx. 3 to 5 years of age. Their
growth rate will then slow to reach 3ft at 10 to 15 years
should not be crowded because they will nibble on each other's
may be kept in a community tank as they are not aggressive
towards other fish, though they will eat small fish and
the tank should be kept covered as they will jump.
They can be stroked and patted in the water and can be handled
out of the water as long as you have wet hands. With time,
you can train them to feed from your hands.
Live - freshwater shrimp, snails and garden worms.
Frozen - Beefheart (with all fat and gristle removed), fish
fillets, freshwater mussel meat.
Mince these together and add some dry pellet fish food and
Dry - Occasional algae wafers
Temp : 10 degrees to 29 degrees celcius
50 degrees to 80 degrees farenheit
pH : 6-8
Hardness : 200 - 400
Name: Neoceratodus forsteri
Common Names: Ceratodus, Cerat, Australian Lungfish, Burnett
Aboriginal Name: Djelleh (pronounced jel-air)
first discovered the Australian (Queensland) Lungfish during
the 1870s in the Mary and Burnett Rivers in South-East Queensland.
Today it is found in several other river systems in Queensland
(possibly through translocation) including at least the
Brisbane and Pine Rivers. Recent studies have found it to
be thriving in its natural and translocated habitat.
Australian Lungfish (scientific name Neoceratodus forsteri)
is recognisable as a large, robust fish (they grow to 1.5m
in the wild) usually with a murky green / brown back and
sides fading to an orange / pink belly. They have no natural
predators and move in an unhurried sinuous way through water.
It is also capable of slithering over wet grass with the
aid of a downhill slope.
N. forsteri is one of only four living species of the Lungfish
family (dipnoi) the others existing in Africa and South
America. It can easily be distinguished from the other three
as it most closely resembles the fossil lungfishes, being
much more heavyset than the others with large fins and scales.
Additionally it has a single lung where all other species
have a pair.
Wildgrove Pty Ltd. are the first (and currently the only)
fully licenced commercial exporters of this totally unique
We obtained our broodstock under the supervision of DPI
fisheries and these fish have become quite tame to the
point where they enjoy being stroked and petted. During
November 2000, the lungfish spawned in controlled conditions
in 4m by 4m concrete tanks on the property at Howard, near
Hervey Bay in Queensland. They produced between 20 000 and
25 000 eggs none of which developed into viable juveniles.
In 2001, one pair produced 8 812 eggs, resulting in 400+
juvenile lungfish. In 2003 two different pairs spawned resulting
in 1200 + juveniles.
All our lungfish juveniles are microchipped using passive
internal transponder (PIT) tags, and DNA tested, for identification
purposes. These are some of the many requirements by the
Department of Environment
and Heritage for export approval.
Neoceratodus forsteri are listed under CITES Appendix 2
Neoceratodus forsteri have recently been classified as vulnerable
on the endangered species list - for further information
visit the Department
of Environment and Heritage website.
Additional information on N.forsteris is available from
Museum Fish Facts - Neoceratodus forsteri and other